Federal criminal law. This is a somewhat elusive term, but one that is
important to understand. What is
federal criminal law and how does it differ from state and local criminal laws? Put simply,
federal criminal codes are laws detailed in United States Code. These
differ from civil law, and outline crimes against the federal government
of the U.S. Each state in the country has a body of criminal codes that
closely reflects federal codes.
Sometimes, state codes differ from federal codes. The major difference
between a federal criminal case and a state or local criminal case is
that federal criminal cases are dealt with in federal court, and involve
investigations from federal investigation agencies such as the Federal
Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and
the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA).
A case could be handled in federal criminal court if the alleged criminal
activity took place on U.S. federal property or an Indian reservation.
Cases held in criminal court could also be those that involve crimes against
Title 18 of the U.S.C, Title 26 of the U.S.C. or other criminal bodies
of law in the United States Code. When a criminal offense crosses state
drug trafficking) or involves a federal agency or organization such as an offense against
the IRS (i.e.
tax evasion), the criminal case will likely be dealt with in federal criminal court.
Overall, a majority of the criminal cases handled in the United States
are handled in state and local courts, rather than federal courts.
Federal cases are prosecuted based on guidelines that are established by
the U.S. Attorney in that particular jurisdiction. The U.S. Attorney is
the federal prosecutor. This individual is representing the federal government
in a U.S. district court. There are various U.S. district courts in the
state of California, such as the Central District of California, Southern
District of California, Northern District of California and Eastern District
State cases are prosecuted by those who work for the office of the District
Attorney (DA). These individuals represent the state government and handle
cases in criminal courts within the jurisdiction of California. The Los
Angeles Superior Court- Criminal Division handles cases in which the state
of California has filed charges against individuals alleged of committing
criminal offenses. Those criminal offenses can be infractions, misdemeanors
or felonies. There are various courthouses in Los Angeles County.
If you would like to learn more about federal criminal law and how it differs
from state criminal law, please feel free to contact a Los Angeles
criminal defense attorney from
Martinian & Associates Inc. Our firm has years of experience handling both state and federal criminal
cases, and can assist you if you or someone you love has been arrested
for an alleged criminal offense.